Definition of GPS in logistics
GPS in logistics refers to the use of the Global Positioning System for location determination and route planning for the transport of goods. It enables real-time tracking of vehicles and goods, which helps to increase efficiency and reduce costs.
By using GPS trackers, whether battery-powered or solar-powered, on containers or built-in vehicle telematics in vehicles, logistics companies can keep track of the exact location of their cargo at all times. GPS is also used to precisely forecast delivery times and minimise delays. In addition, drivers' mobile devices with the appropriate GPS software can also be used to track the location and progress of deliveries in real time. This allows customers to accurately forecast delivery times and minimise delays, which can lead to improved customer satisfaction.
Finally, GPS in logistics is used for anti-theft purposes; GPS trackers can be used to quickly locate lost or stolen goods.
Functions and possible applications of GPS in logistics
GPS in logistics is an essential tool for location determination and route planning. Here are some of the most important functions and uses of GPS in logistics:
- Location tracking: GPS enables real-time tracking of vehicles, vessels, containers and other assets used in the supply chain. Dispatchers and logistics managers can track the exact location of their goods at any time.
- Fleet management: GPS enables efficient fleet management by providing information about the position of vehicles. This allows routes to be optimised and operating costs to be reduced.
- Route optimisation: GPS enables the calculation of the best and fastest routes for deliveries. This not only reduces driving time and fuel consumption, but also costs and CO2 emissions.
- Geofencing: By setting up virtual boundaries (geofences), logistics companies can be notified when vehicles enter or leave certain predefined areas. This helps to monitor compliance with delivery times and prevent potential theft.
- Supply chain tracking: GPS enables the tracking of goods along the entire supply chain - from manufacturing to delivery to the end customer. This allows companies to get real-time information on the status of their goods and identify potential delays or bottlenecks.
- Warehouse management: In warehouses or distribution centres, technology can be used so that the location of goods or vehicles within the premises can be accurately tracked, increasing efficiency and productivity.
- Documentation and compliance: GPS can be used to capture logbook data and vehicle movements to document compliance with regulations and laws.
- Customer communication: By integrating GPS into logistics systems, customers can be informed of the status of their deliveries in real time, increasing customer satisfaction and improving communication.
Advantages and benefits of GPS in logistics
Overall, GPS in logistics offers many features that enable efficient and reliable supply chain management. It improves visibility, security and transparency and helps reduce bottlenecks, costs and time.